The second largest city in Egypt, Alexandria, known as “The Pearl of the Mediterranean”, has an atmosphere that is more Mediterranean than Middle Eastern ; its ambience and cultural heritage distance it from the rest of the country

Alexandria has an atmosphere that is more Mediterranean than Middle Eastern; its ambiance and cultural heritage distance it from the rest of the country although it is only 225 km. from Cairo.

Founded by Alexander the Great in 331 B.C., Alexandria became the capital of Greco-Roman Egypt; its status as a beacon of culture is symbolized by Pharos, the legendry lighthouse that was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The setting for the stormy relationship between Cleopatra and Mark Antony, Alexandria was also the center of learning in the ancient world. But ancient Alexandria declined, and when Napoleon landed he found a sparsely populated fishing village.

Pharos Lighthouse of Alexandria or Alexandria was a lighthouse built in the 3rd century BC on the island of Pharos near the ancient city of Alexandria, ancient Egypt. Estimated to exceed the height of 115 meters and is among the highest structure created by men for hundreds of years.

Building a lighthouse designed by Sostratus from the direction Snidus Satrap (governor) Ptolemy I, a commander of Alexander the Great. After Alexander died, Ptolemy lift themselves into the new king and directing the development of the lighthouse. The building was put up during the rule of his son, Ptolemy II Philadelphus.

According to legend, was blocked by Ptolemy Sostratus put his name on the building. However, Sostratus finally carved his name on the footprint of this building. Sostratus is Dexiphanes children of Cnidia this building dedicated to the gods, for the seafarer and explorer.
Fairy tales states, the light from the lighthouse can be seen from a distance as far as 56 km. The building was built using light-colored stone and has three parts: the lower square, the center of the shape of the eight sides and the top round.

This building walls able to withstand sea water waves but could not resist an earthquake in 1303 and 1323 that have undermined this great building.

Since the 19th century Alexandria has played a new role, as a focus for Egypt’s commercial and maritime expansion. This Alexandria has been immortalized by writers such as E.M. Forster and Cavafy. Generations of immigrants from Greece, Italy and the Levant settled here and made the city synonymous with commerce, cosmopolitanism and bohemian culture; Lawrence Durrell described it as ” the capital city of Asiatic Europe, if such a thing could exist.”


~ by ferry1984 on July 24, 2011.

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