Parícutin  is a cinder cone volcano in the Mexican state of Michoacán, close to a lava-covered village of the same name. It appears on many versions of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. Paricutín is part of the Michoacán-Guanajuato Volcanic Field, which covers much of west central Mexico.

The volcano started as a crack in P’urhépecha cornfield owned by a farmer, Dionisio Pulido on February 20, 1943. Pulido, his wife, and their son all witnessed the beginning of the eruption of ash and rock volcano grew rapidly, reaching a high of five levels in only a week, and it can be seen from far away in a month. Most of the growth of the volcano occurred during the first year, while it was still in the explosive pyroclastic phase. Nearby villages Parícutin (named after the volcano) and San Juan Parangaricutiro both buried, residents moved to a nearby vacant land.

At this late stage, after about a year, the volcano had grown 336 meters (1,102.36 ft) tall. During the next eight years the volcano would continue erupting, although this is dominated by relatively quiet eruptions of lava that would scorch the surrounding 25 km ² (9.65 mi ²) of land. Volcano’s activity would slowly decline during this period until the last six months, the explosion of activity often occurs. In 1952 the eruption ended and Parícutin silent, height reaches 424 meters (1,391.08 ft). After this volcano is not active anymore, like most cinder cones, Parícutin is monogenetic volcano, which means that no eruptions will occur again. New eruption in the field of monogenetic volcanic eruption in the new location.

Volcanism is part of the Common Mexican landscape. Parícutin was the youngest of more than 1,400 volcanic vents in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt and North America. This volcano is very unique and the fact that its formation was witnessed from the very conception. Three people were killed by lightning strikes caused by the eruption, but no deaths caused by lava or shortness of breath.


~ by ferry1984 on July 29, 2011.

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