The Prophet`s Mosque (Masjid Nabawi), was first built in the year 622 A.D. The walls were made of mud bricks and the roofs were supported by trunks of palm trees.

The Prophet`s Mosque has undergone several extensions to accomodate a growing number of worshippers until it reaches its actual size. The Prophet`s Mosque extends over 165 000 square meters and can accomodate about one million worshippers at a time. Out of its ten towering minarets, six of them are 99 meters high. This mosque also includes the burial place of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), a museum that displays ancient manuscript of the Quran and a library. The two underground storeys consist of car park that can accomodate some 4 400 vehicles, ablution facilities and the control panel.

The second holiest city in Islam is Medina (Medinah), the “City of the Prophet,” in the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia. It has a population of about 600,000 people. The long form of the Arabic name for Medina (Madinat Rasul Allah) means “City of the Prophet of Allah,” while the short form (al-Madina) just means “the City.” Muslims always add salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam (“peace be upon him”) after mentioning the Prophet Muhammad, so the full form of the city’s name is actually “Madinat Rasul Allah salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam“!

Medina has great historical significance as the city to which Muhammad fled when he was initially driven out of Mecca as well as the place where he attracted his first followers. Medina’s importance as a religious site derives from the presence there of the Masjid al-Nabawi, the Prophet’s Mosque, which was built on the site of Muhammad’s home and is where he is buried. The oldest mosque is also located in Medina and is known as Masjid al-Quba, the Quba Mosque.

Madinah is home to many historical mosques. Besides the Prophets Mosque that everyone knows, there are much more beautiful mosques to see. There are about 20 mosques in and around Medinah, ranging from very small to very big ones. You should spend a weekend in Madinah to explore all of these beautiful mosques!


~ by ferry1984 on July 29, 2011.

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